Spiraea japonica (55 Photo): planting and care, sorts and types of spiraea japonica — Design

Spiraea japonica (55 Photo): planting and care, sorts and types of spiraea japonica

Spiraea — This is a perennial deciduous shrub, which is cherished for long and profuse flowering. Divided into two groups: letnecvetuŝie and vesennecvetuŝie. Spiraea japonica, for example, applies to letnecvetuŝemu plant. This is a beautiful shrub, that blooms pink-Red flowers all summer.

In our band main popularity won spireas vesennecvetuŝie with white flowers, but Japanese spirea, no less loved for stunning decorative

Caring for Japanese spireej features easy. The plant is very unpretentious and Hardy. It is taking root in different climatic conditions. So it grows virtually throughout Russia.

Sorts and types of spireas imagination. There are about a hundred. Shrubs differ in height, shape the hive, the size of the leaf blade, coloring flowers.

Summer bouquet with spireej Japanese varieties «Little Princess»

The most common varieties and types of Japanese spireas

Spiraea japonica Golden Princess (Golden Princess). Dwarf shrub, whose height is not more than 0,5 meter. It has pink flowers and pointy leaves bright-Yellow color. At different times of the year the leaves change their shades on soft, cold and warm.

Delightful color contrast: barberries and spireas
Leaves of spiraea japonica Japanese varieties of Makrofilla also change colour throughout the season

Spiraea japonica Little Princesses (Little Princess). This shrub is fully lives up to its name. Round compact shape height 0,8 m., pink flowers, elliptical dark-Green leaflets. The plant can become a hedgerow of extraordinary beauty. Spiraea japonica ' Princess "the most beautiful of varieties of plants, Therefore, such a cute and wears the title. Even a single shrub spiraea japonica Princess decorate its brightness of any Garden and will delight passers-by.

Hedge of miniature blooming shrubs spiraea japonica Little Princess in a romantic garden setting

Spiraea japonica Gold Flame (Goldflame). The most powerful and fast growing cultivar. Shrub can reach a height of one meter. During the season, changes the color of the leaves: Orange-Red — in the spring of, bright yellow — in flowering period, copper-Orange — in the autumn of. Excellent foothold in urban environments.

Bright yellow, in flowering period, leaves of spiraea japonica varieties Goldflejm

Spiraea japonica Širobana. Bush-Chameleon. Has flowers colored shades: from white-pink to bright red. Rounded shape reaches a diameter of one meter and a height of 0,8 m.

Japanese spiraea japonica have often seen inflorescences in the shape of a heart, as this spireas Shirobana varieties

Spiraea japonica Crispus (Crisps). Its elegance and beauty will adorn any garden. Short shrub with spherical Crown shape has a curvy, pinkish-purple flowers and wavy toothed leaves.

Graceful pink inflorescences spireas Crisps
Spiraea japonica is often used as one of the basic design of Asian plants in landscapes

Japanese spiraea japonica planting

Japanese spiraea japonica planting is done in the fall months or early spring, until the buds have bloomed. The difference is that, in the autumn it is recommended to plant varieties vesennecvetuŝie. Early spring can be the same plant variety, that blooms in summer.

One of the most spectacular spring-flowering spirej, Spiraea Snoumaund. Due to the abundance of pure white flowers, elegance of thin branches bend makes bewitching impression as near, and at a distance
Rich pink tint small Japanese spireas flower varieties Frobeli (Froebelii)

Preparation of seedlings

Open a root system before planting seedlings must be put in order. Excessively overgrown roots are shortened by using garden secateurs. The damaged areas are removed in the same way. Branches also require correction, especially when desiccated roots. The overground part of the spiraea japonica Japanese is shortened by one third.

Before planting seedlings with root system are removed from the container and abundantly irrigated water. Too over-dried com land worth before landing to take some time in the water.

A beautiful contrast of irises and lemon-yellow leaves of spiraea japonica Golden Carpet

Choose a place for planting Japanese spireas

The plant requires very. Land for planting shrubs should be sunny and fertile. When planning a landing site spireas consider, that plant roots grow strongly. Therefore the distance between the holes must not be less than 50 see.

On homogeneous lands spiraea develops significantly slower, an excellent option becomes a turf or soil sheet.

Svetolûbivost′ and significant growth of the root system — highlights, that should be considered when choosing a place to plant Japanese spireas
Decorative form kind of spiraea japonica — letnecvetuŝie

Hole for planting vykapyvaetsâ plants with strictly vertical walls. Its size must exceed the amount of the root system of a Bush on at least one third. Next pit give cobwebs in two days. For planting spiraea japonica Japanese better choose a rainy or just a cloudy day.

First, on the bottom of the excavated pits need to put drainage (solid brick, stones). Next is the garden primer, mixed with peat and river sand (on 2 part of the Earth on one part peat moss and sand).

The roots of the spireas descend into the pit, straightened and covered the ground to root neck. The soil around the seedlings compacted, its desirable zamul′čirovat′ peat, after spreading clumps two buckets of water.

Inflorescence flowers Japanese spireas different shades, from white to pinkish-lilac, collected in the curvy umbrellas around 5-6 cm in diameter

How to care for a plant

Though plant and unpretentious, but a good and competent care spireej Japanese calls its more vigorous growth. Need regular weeding and mandatory soil tillage. Then plant necessarily will thank you aesthetic pleasure from the beauty of its bright bloom. Spiraea japonica impresses with its splendor. It carries a haircut. Beautiful and neat one Bush used to create unusual hedges.

Shrub spiraea japonica Golden Carpet, one with the correct spherical form
Commercial grade Japanese spireas «Neon flash». Spireas hybrids surprisingly viable and often surpass their parents in beauty


Due to the shallow root system of spiraea does not tolerate drought, so in the dry season it requires moderate watering: twice a month for Bush on 15 liters of water. The plant also needs abundant watering after trimming.

Spiraea japonica and azalea garden with Asian flavor
Due to the beautiful coloring of leaves miniature varieties of spiraea japonica are also popular for creating bonsai

Top dressing

In soil, where planted spiraea japonica, should close up peat mulch, shredded bark, or compost. Compulsory fertilizing plants with mineral fertilizers is conducted immediately after pruning Bush. Also in the middle of summer it is advisable to feed up spireû liquid extract fermented mullein it added superphosphate: on 10 l flask should 10 g superphosphate.

Spiraea japonica does good feeding and mineral, and organic fertilizers
Pale pink inflorescences spiraea japonica Japanese Little Princess

Proper pruning

Pruning Japanese spireas is required to give Bush a beautiful correct form and to remove aging shoots. If shrubs, blooming in the summer, You must prune in early spring, the colorful species of this plant are cut immediately after the, as there will be no color, i.e. in autumn.

Shoots must be shortened to large kidneys, dry to remove altogether. With the rejuvenation of spiraea japonica Japanese should not be afraid to remove something extra. Quality and bold pruning ensures a large number of powerful birth of young shoots.

If you do not make cropping, the old shoots will tend to the hive to Earth, It tops begin to dry. Experienced gardeners recommend from 4-th year of living plants to produce global crop, leaving only Bush height 30 cm from the ground.

Spiraea perfectly tolerates pruning, delete should not be afraid of something extra, giving the shape of a plant
The inflorescences of the spiraea japonica Širobana you can see the flowers at the same time, almost white and deep pink flowers

Reproduction Japanese spireas

In addition to dividing Bush, plant can be reproduced even in three ways:

  • using seeds;
  • layering;
  • by cutting.

Japanese spiraea japonica seeds do not retain varietal quality, so this way you can reproduce only those types of, that are not hybrids. Better seeds sow in spring in boxes with damp leaf ground. Above ground mul′čiruetsâ peat. Through 10 days of quality seeds germinate, that three months are planted in open ground.

Reproduction Japanese spireas layering must be carried out in the early spring before leafing. For the lower branches of a Bush prigibaûtsâ to Earth, attach horizontal position using, for example, wire and prisypaûtsâ land. These places are regularly watered. By autumn here zarodâtsâ independent shrubs.

Čerenkovat′ Japanese spireû from the second half of June. For this direct escape is cut into several pieces, that are planted in a mixture of river sand and peat in equal proportions. This method requires high humidity. Therefore, it is necessary to spray water and cuttings watered at least 4 times per day. In the winter the cuttings were hiding behind leaves, in the spring of pikiruûtsâ to a new location.

Spiraea japonica is getting ready to bloom

Disease and treatment plants

Spiraea japonica is rarely exposed to diseases. The most devastating pests for her can become moth rozannaâ, aphids and spider mites.

Moth rozannaâ appears at the end of may. Caterpillar damage to 60% leaves, They vygryzaût Greens. Aphids same sucks juice from young shoots, leaves and pedicels. To combat pests pirimor applies data (0,1%). Use of this tool ensures 95% success.

Spider mite — the most dangerous wrecker for Japanese spireas. It can be found on the Web presence, holes on inflorescences, premature drying and from opadaniya leaves. Mite is particularly active in the dry summer. Effective results in the fight with this pest can be obtained, using fosfamid (0,15-0,2%), akreks (0,2%) or karbofos (0,2-0,3%).

In pest control will also help care for bushes: loosening of soil, timely fertilization and watering plants.

Anthony Waterer spireas inflorescence purple heart shaped

Spiraea japonica — video

Cpireâ Japanese — Photo

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