Spiraea — This is a perennial deciduous shrub, which is cherished for long and profuse flowering. Divided into two groups: letnecvetuŝie and vesennecvetuŝie. Spiraea japonica, for example, applies to letnecvetuŝemu plant. This is a beautiful shrub, that blooms pink-Red flowers all summer.
Caring for Japanese spireej features easy. The plant is very unpretentious and Hardy. It is taking root in different climatic conditions. So it grows virtually throughout Russia.
Sorts and types of spireas imagination. There are about a hundred. Shrubs differ in height, shape the hive, the size of the leaf blade, coloring flowers.
The most common varieties and types of Japanese spireas
- 1 The most common varieties and types of Japanese spireas
- 2 Japanese spiraea japonica planting
- 3 Preparation of seedlings
- 4 Choose a place for planting Japanese spireas
- 5 How to care for a plant
- 6 Watering
- 7 Top dressing
- 8 Proper pruning
- 9 Reproduction Japanese spireas
- 10 Disease and treatment plants
- 11 Spiraea japonica — video
- 12 Cpireâ Japanese — Photo
Spiraea japonica Golden Princess (Golden Princess). Dwarf shrub, whose height is not more than 0,5 meter. It has pink flowers and pointy leaves bright-Yellow color. At different times of the year the leaves change their shades on soft, cold and warm.
Spiraea japonica Little Princesses (Little Princess). This shrub is fully lives up to its name. Round compact shape height 0,8 m., pink flowers, elliptical dark-Green leaflets. The plant can become a hedgerow of extraordinary beauty. Spiraea japonica ' Princess "the most beautiful of varieties of plants, Therefore, such a cute and wears the title. Even a single shrub spiraea japonica Princess decorate its brightness of any Garden and will delight passers-by.
Spiraea japonica Gold Flame (Goldflame). The most powerful and fast growing cultivar. Shrub can reach a height of one meter. During the season, changes the color of the leaves: Orange-Red — in the spring of, bright yellow — in flowering period, copper-Orange — in the autumn of. Excellent foothold in urban environments.
Spiraea japonica Širobana. Bush-Chameleon. Has flowers colored shades: from white-pink to bright red. Rounded shape reaches a diameter of one meter and a height of 0,8 m.
Spiraea japonica Crispus (Crisps). Its elegance and beauty will adorn any garden. Short shrub with spherical Crown shape has a curvy, pinkish-purple flowers and wavy toothed leaves.
Japanese spiraea japonica planting
Japanese spiraea japonica planting is done in the fall months or early spring, until the buds have bloomed. The difference is that, in the autumn it is recommended to plant varieties vesennecvetuŝie. Early spring can be the same plant variety, that blooms in summer.
Preparation of seedlings
Open a root system before planting seedlings must be put in order. Excessively overgrown roots are shortened by using garden secateurs. The damaged areas are removed in the same way. Branches also require correction, especially when desiccated roots. The overground part of the spiraea japonica Japanese is shortened by one third.
Before planting seedlings with root system are removed from the container and abundantly irrigated water. Too over-dried com land worth before landing to take some time in the water.
Choose a place for planting Japanese spireas
The plant requires very. Land for planting shrubs should be sunny and fertile. When planning a landing site spireas consider, that plant roots grow strongly. Therefore the distance between the holes must not be less than 50 see.
On homogeneous lands spiraea develops significantly slower, an excellent option becomes a turf or soil sheet.
Hole for planting vykapyvaetsâ plants with strictly vertical walls. Its size must exceed the amount of the root system of a Bush on at least one third. Next pit give cobwebs in two days. For planting spiraea japonica Japanese better choose a rainy or just a cloudy day.
First, on the bottom of the excavated pits need to put drainage (solid brick, stones). Next is the garden primer, mixed with peat and river sand (on 2 part of the Earth on one part peat moss and sand).
The roots of the spireas descend into the pit, straightened and covered the ground to root neck. The soil around the seedlings compacted, its desirable zamul′čirovat′ peat, after spreading clumps two buckets of water.
How to care for a plant
Though plant and unpretentious, but a good and competent care spireej Japanese calls its more vigorous growth. Need regular weeding and mandatory soil tillage. Then plant necessarily will thank you aesthetic pleasure from the beauty of its bright bloom. Spiraea japonica impresses with its splendor. It carries a haircut. Beautiful and neat one Bush used to create unusual hedges.
Due to the shallow root system of spiraea does not tolerate drought, so in the dry season it requires moderate watering: twice a month for Bush on 15 liters of water. The plant also needs abundant watering after trimming.
In soil, where planted spiraea japonica, should close up peat mulch, shredded bark, or compost. Compulsory fertilizing plants with mineral fertilizers is conducted immediately after pruning Bush. Also in the middle of summer it is advisable to feed up spireû liquid extract fermented mullein it added superphosphate: on 10 l flask should 10 g superphosphate.
Pruning Japanese spireas is required to give Bush a beautiful correct form and to remove aging shoots. If shrubs, blooming in the summer, You must prune in early spring, the colorful species of this plant are cut immediately after the, as there will be no color, i.e. in autumn.
Shoots must be shortened to large kidneys, dry to remove altogether. With the rejuvenation of spiraea japonica Japanese should not be afraid to remove something extra. Quality and bold pruning ensures a large number of powerful birth of young shoots.
If you do not make cropping, the old shoots will tend to the hive to Earth, It tops begin to dry. Experienced gardeners recommend from 4-th year of living plants to produce global crop, leaving only Bush height 30 cm from the ground.
Reproduction Japanese spireas
In addition to dividing Bush, plant can be reproduced even in three ways:
- using seeds;
- by cutting.
Japanese spiraea japonica seeds do not retain varietal quality, so this way you can reproduce only those types of, that are not hybrids. Better seeds sow in spring in boxes with damp leaf ground. Above ground mul′čiruetsâ peat. Through 10 days of quality seeds germinate, that three months are planted in open ground.
Reproduction Japanese spireas layering must be carried out in the early spring before leafing. For the lower branches of a Bush prigibaûtsâ to Earth, attach horizontal position using, for example, wire and prisypaûtsâ land. These places are regularly watered. By autumn here zarodâtsâ independent shrubs.
Čerenkovat′ Japanese spireû from the second half of June. For this direct escape is cut into several pieces, that are planted in a mixture of river sand and peat in equal proportions. This method requires high humidity. Therefore, it is necessary to spray water and cuttings watered at least 4 times per day. In the winter the cuttings were hiding behind leaves, in the spring of pikiruûtsâ to a new location.
Disease and treatment plants
Spiraea japonica is rarely exposed to diseases. The most devastating pests for her can become moth rozannaâ, aphids and spider mites.
Moth rozannaâ appears at the end of may. Caterpillar damage to 60% leaves, They vygryzaût Greens. Aphids same sucks juice from young shoots, leaves and pedicels. To combat pests pirimor applies data (0,1%). Use of this tool ensures 95% success.
Spider mite — the most dangerous wrecker for Japanese spireas. It can be found on the Web presence, holes on inflorescences, premature drying and from opadaniya leaves. Mite is particularly active in the dry summer. Effective results in the fight with this pest can be obtained, using fosfamid (0,15-0,2%), akreks (0,2%) or karbofos (0,2-0,3%).
In pest control will also help care for bushes: loosening of soil, timely fertilization and watering plants.
Spiraea japonica — video