In the description of honeysuckle can be found many contradictory characteristics, Indeed, to this family include high and low, wood and lianopodobnye shrubs with edible or ornamental fruit. The whole thing is, What on Earth there are some two hundred species and much more varieties of honeysuckle.
Types of honeysuckle, common in horticulture
Of existing species on Russian territory grows about 22. For growing in the gardens of the fit a little more than 10. For ease of description of them can be divided into climbing plants and Bush.
The most popular two curly kind: Honeysuckle and w. Brown.
Branches of honeysuckle Lonicera caprifolium long reach 5-6 m, But if you put a prop, above 2,5 m they are not vzberutsâ. This plant, climb all barriers.
Council! If you want to create a romantic gazebo or cover the walls of the House Hedgerow, Honeysuckle have to by the way. Consider only, that plant is warm and on the north side of the buildings is unlikely to survive.
Leaves W. kaprifoli, growing in pairs, form the so-called blûdečki, which first appear pinkish-orange flowers, and then red berries.
W. Brown/Browne blooms bright orange flowers, sometimes, even twice a year. In our latitudes the fruits it does not, Yes and winters only under shelter. Most bright colours characterize classes ' Fuchsioides ' and ' Dropmore Scarlet '.
W. Tatar -incredibly zimoustojčivoe plant. This bloom, reaching 2,5 m tall shrub begins with age. In may, he is covered with small pink flowers, converted into red berries. Tone flowers of different varieties. So, Honeysuckle have Rosea it resembles a peach color, Crimson shade is inherent class Hack ’ s Red.
Honeysuckle Korolkova also does not exceed 2,5 m. Its leaves are bluish, and flowers are pale pink.
Council! If you have a small garden, and soil fertility is not different, plant in a sunny spot varieties of honeysuckle bushes Zabelli. They are unpretentious, grow up 1,5 m, but the groundshaking blooming Crimson flowers.
If you want to add a yellow color to the garden palette, use w. Alpine. Bushes, its low (about one meter), and the fruit is bright red.
The yellow flowers are inherent and honeysuckle blue. In the spring it blooms white-green and yellow flowers, who in July replaced blue fruits.
Council! Decorate children's playground without any fear you can edible Honeysuckle (CJK forms f. Blue). Its berries are tasty and healthy, and for sure will please children.
So, as you can see, You can find a suitable grade for any garden, so much so that agricultural implements, honeysuckle cultivation does not differ special complexity.
Hold landing Honeysuckle better in autumn. Purchase, It is desirable to, not one hive, and several (especially, When it comes to edible varieties), to attract more insects-pollinators.
Between the plants should be a distance not less than half a meter for hedges and one and a half meters with a separate landing.
About Tom, where to plant Honeysuckle, need to think in advance, because Bush lives in order 35 years.
Selection of locations
It is important to consider several criteria:
- Soil. Honeysuckle bad growing on acidic soil. To bring the acidity to normal Earth izvestkuût;
- Humidity. The soil should neither be dry, not overly wet. Main, no water was collected from a Rhizome;
- Light. The plant makes the shadow, but the solar stations better blooms.
- Wumpus. Wind should not too pull Honeysuckle, otherwise and leaves, and flowers, and fruits will be hurt. In this regard, it is better to avoid hills.
The process of planting
For Honeysuckle dig small pits (40*40). Add one cup of lime to a bucket of water, watering hole, cover and waiting 4-5 days. Then the bottom definitely drenages (for these purposes, great accidents of brick or granular sand).
On 1 m ² soil add humus or compost (8-10 kg), Double superphosphate (30-60 g), and yet potash salt (20-30 g).
Seedling is placed at depth 5-7 see so, to the root of the neck was at the surface.
Sveževysažennuû Honeysuckle watering and mulch peat or dung.
As you can see, planting and caring for Honeysuckle is not complicated, especially, When a seat is selected correctly.
How to propagate Honeysuckle?
Propagation by seeds is carried out Honeysuckle, cuttings, layering and by dividing the Bush.
Division of Rhizome
The roots are divided in autumn. For this Bush dig, rassoedinâût on possible, based on the number of shoots, the number of parts and send delenki Kennel, where to keep young Bush 2-3 year. Sometimes he was immediately put on a permanent place, but the first option is preferred.
Breeding of honeysuckle from the seeds of the deal with breeders, are looking for new varieties of plants. Amateur gardeners do not practice this way.
Propagation by cuttings.
Reproduction of honeysuckle cuttings is the easiest and most popular method. Often resort to green čerenkovaniû. The gist of it is:
- Summer June morning cut off tops (12-15 see) young shoots;
- Leave on the top two shortened half-leaf, the remaining delete;
- Make under the news cuts;
- Twigs connect, attach, If necessary,, label with variety and dipped in stimulant growth (for example, in indolilmaslânuû acid);
- Put cuttings in a warm place under plastic film;
- Soil for planting should consist of drainage (pebbles or gravel), 20 see the fertile soil and 10 see mix (1:1) peat with sand. Before applying it watered;
- Lower the cuttings vertically, leaving on 5 cm between adjacent shoots and 10 cm between rows;
- Planted cuttings cover wrap and daily 9-10 times watered;
Council! Better to change part of irrigations on spraying. So it's easier to avoid the stagnation of water at the roots.
- After the formation of roots (15-20 day) the frequency of irrigation reduce the;
- Winter cuttings in warm. Their cover [lapnikom] or foliage;
- Spring cuttings are planted in open ground and during the summer feed nitrogen fertilizers and watering;
- Fall planting is made permanent.
Apathetic cuttings cut off in the fall and stored in the basement until spring. Cut to pieces on runners 15 cm and are planted in the garden, thoroughly watered and shade. In breeding ground placed in autumn, and a year later planted in the garden.
Early spring a few of last year's shoots the rhino to Earth and fix. After two or three okučivanij entrenched layers are transplanted to a permanent place of.
When the landing was carried out correctly, Honeysuckle care does not cause much trouble.
As already mentioned, Honeysuckle likes wet, but not waterlogged soil. In summer it is necessary to irrigate (1-2 water buckets at the hive), in order not to give the land measure.
Of great importance is the top dressing, you begin to spend the third year of life Bush. Until then plant enough nutrients from landing pits.
Soil Honeysuckle, as a rule, two times. In March have made nitrogen fertilizer. It might be urea (20 g * m ²) or ammonium nitrate (30 g * m ²), or ammonium sulfate (40 g * m ²).
The second application (beginning of July) combine with another important point in caring for Honeysuckle-tilling. The Bush order goes 10 l diluted slurry (1 to 4). Nitrophoska is used in proportion 20 g on a water bucket.
When the Honeysuckle bushes reach the age, the amount of fertilizers increased 1,5 times.
Acidic soil every three years izvestkuût. Make 200-300 g of lime or chalk during the fall perekapyvaniâ land.
Pruning also do not conduct, until bushes are young. Before 5-7 years need only remove dry and dead branches. In the sixth year of the fall removed the top of the main, the skeletal branches. Rez spend before branching. Then cut off the weak, extra sprigs.
Adults (22-23 year) Honeysuckle bushes require special pruning: delete need all lower skeletal branches, to 30-40 see plants have remained empty.
Trimming hold every two to three years.
Disease and treatment
Unfortunately, diseases and pests at many Honeysuckle. Really love them insects (more 30 species) and fungi (19 varieties). Dangerous for Honeysuckle and some viruses.
Main pests is a caterpillar and aphid, they suck the life juices from leaves of honeysuckle. Diaspididae same those talons really dig in bark.
To prevent insect attacks, plant every two spring sprayed solution nitrafena (200 g on a water bucket) or use prepared insecticidal means («Fitovermom», for example).
Win mealy dew helps drug Topaz and wood ash.
The fungus does not fires, If done in time cropping and prevent zagnivanij.
Worth the drive from Honeysuckle hares and birds.
So, running landing on technology and care recommendations, You will be able to secure the Honeysuckle from pests and diseases.